Dolaucothi is the only known
verified roman gold mine in the UK. The site is now in
the hands of the National Trust and the original Roman
open cast workings can still be clearly seen, along with
other features such as access/drainage tunnels cut into
the hillside. The mine lies alongside the more modern and
more extensive gold mines of the industrial period but is
surprisingly unaffected by the more modern workings.
Gold and other ores were a primary reason for the Romans
invading Britain. Tin in Cornwall was mined long before
the Roman invasion and the mineral wealth of the island
made it attractive to the expanding empire.